A: CBD is an abbreviation of cannabidiol, which is one of over a hundred cannibinoids (naturally occurring chemical compounds) produced by the Cannabis Sativa plant. In nature it is typically one of the two major cannabinoids found in the plant, the other being THC. Plants bred specifically for the production of CBD can have up to 40% CBD content, while the level of THC is kept as low as practically possible and then further reduced during the extraction process. Unlike THC, CBD is not a psychoactive substance, so there is absolutely no ‘high’ or other impairment experienced when consuming CBD.
A: The short answer is: yes. CBD is a 100% legal substance in the UK.
Here at Cornwall Hemp Company, we have no interest whatsoever in supplying products that could get either ourselves or our customers into trouble with the law as it stands. It simply makes no sense, from either an ethical or a business point of view.
For this reason, we ensure all our products are sourced from manufacturers who can provide exhaustive certification of the raw CBD extracts used, and why we take the additional step of having our finished products analysed for THC content by a reputable, independent laboratory. We freely publish the Certificates of Analysis on our site and we will always be willing to address any questions or concerns our customers may have regarding legality with total honesty and transparency.
A: CBD is a powerful natural substance, and as with any other chemical compound, it can affect different people in different ways — both in terms of efficacy and tolerance. In other words, it may be far more effective for some people than for others, and it may not be as well tolerated by some people as by others.
In the words of the WHO: “In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential…. To date, there is no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.”
While there are no documented cases of CBD overdose, Cornwall Hemp Company align ourselves with the recommendation of the Food Standards Authority that the maximum daily intake of CBD should not exceed 70mg CBD / day.
We are committed to being totally honest in all our dealings and to always respect our customer’s ability to make informed, common sense decisions. The bullet-list summary below will hopefully help you decide whether CBD is right for you or not:
- CBD may affect (increase) the uptake of certain medicines in the body. For this reason, if you are taking prescription medicine on a regular basis (particularly blood-thinners and similar drugs) we strongly recommended that you consult with a GP or other medical professional prior to taking CBD.
- CBD is not recommended for pregnant or breast-feeding women.
- We do not recommend CBD for those under the age of 18.
- the Food Standards Authority recommendation for healthy adults is not to exceed 70mg of CBD intake per day.
- If you have not used CBD before, we recommend staring at a low dosage (10 – 25mg per day) and gradually increasing the dosage if required.
- If, after taking CBD, you feel any adverse effects whatsoever, we strongly recommend that you stop taking it immediately and seek professional medical advice.
A: It’s difficult to provide an answer to this question and avoid writing a bio-chemistry text-book at the same time!
The quick answer is that Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannibinoid (phyto = derived from plants) which is able to bind to neuro-receptors found throughout the human brain and body.
The longer but possibly more interesting answer is:
Although there is documented evidence of humans using the cannabis plant for medicinal purposes as far back as 4,700 years ago, it was only in the 1960’s that Israeli researchers discovered the existence of CBD, THC and other phytocannabinoids. It took until the late-1980’s before researchers in the USA found that the human brain contains vast numbers of receptors (named CB1 receptors) that respond to the phytocannabinoid compounds found in the the cannabis plant. In the early 1990s, further research confirmed the existence of another cannabinoid receptor (CB2), which is closely connected to the immune system and is found throughout the body. Finally, in 1992, the existence of the human Endocannabinoid system was confirmed when researchers identified the first endogenously produced cannabinoid (anandamide), closely followed by the second (2-arachidonoylglycerol or 2-AG). Multiple other endocannabinoids have been discovered over the decades since these initial break-throughs.
While the existence of the ECS is proven beyond doubt, there is still an ongoing debate as to its purpose. The prevailing view is that the primary role of the ECS is to maintain a stable internal environment despite changes in the external environment. This stability is known as homeostasis, and can best be thought of as the body’s built-in system of self-regulation.
When an imbalance is detected within our internal environment, the body synthesizes endocannabinoids that interact with the cannabinoid receptors. This stimulates a chemical response that works to return the physiological process back to homeostasis. However, in some cases, there is a deficiency in ECS signaling. This condition is known as Clinical Endocannabinoid Deficiency. Reasons for this condition range from the body not synthesizing enough endocannabinoids, the body not producing enough cannabinoid receptors, an over-abundance of enzymes that break down cannabinoids, or outside sources such as foods and medications that decrease ECS signalling. It is believed that the CBD phytocannabinoid can be used to supplement this deficiency and that by stimulating and supporting your endocannabinoid system, one can ensure that it is working at its maximum efficiency.
A: CBD is one of many cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, and there is evidence to suggest that CBD is at its most effective when used in conjunction with the other ‘minor’ cannabinoids — a phenomenon known as the Entourage Effect. A quick guide to the most common forms of extracts follows:
- Full Spectrum Extract
Full spectrum CBD extracts is a ‘whole plant’ extract which contains traces of many of the other cannabinoids found in hemp. Due to the extraction process used, it can also contain trace amounts of THC. As explained in the “Is CBD Legal in the UK?” section, all Cornwall Hemp Company products are lab tested to ensure they contain less than the legal limit of THC. Full Spectrum CBD is ideal for experiencing the Entourage Effect at it’s most powerful, but we would not recommended it for those who may have to undergo regular drug testing, due to the theoretical possibility of a positive result for THC.
- Broad Spectrum Extract
Broad Spectrum Extract can be thought of as the happy medium of the extracts. It is a full spectrum extract which has had any THC present removed in the production lab, resulting in an extract with all the benefits of the Entourage Effect but with non-detectable levels of THC.
- CBD Isolate
CBD Isolate is the purest form of CBD extract available. All other cannabinoids are removed during production, leaving +/- 97% pure CBD crystals. While the benefits of the Entourage Effect are obviously not available, the total lack of even trace amounts of THC makes Isolate the perfect choice for anyone who cannot or does not want to use products containing THC at any level of concentration.
Pricing on CBD products can be confusing. For example, the price of a 10ml bottle of 1000mg CBD oil is virtually the same as a 30ml bottle of 1000mg CBD oil — what’s up with that?
The key thing to remember is that it’s the amount of CBD extract (measured in milligrams) in the product that largely determines the price. The cost of the carrier oil — be it MCT or Hemp Seed oil — and the bottle that contain the extract isn’t negligible, but in reality it accounts for a small proportion of the overall cost of the product.
Looking at the example provided, we can see that both products contain the same amount of CBD extract (1000mg, or 1 gram). The extract in the 10ml bottle is simply far more concentrated in relation to the carrier oil than in the 30ml bottle, and you would need to take 1/3 as much oil to achieve the same dosage of CBD.
Some people prefer to take a larger quantities of less-concentrated oil due to the relatively less-intense flavour, while others would rather take a small quantity of very strong oil. It comes down to personal taste, but the thing to keep in mind when it comes to buying CBD products is this: how much CBD are you getting for your money, regardless of how it’s packaged?
A: Dosage-related questions are probably the most common query we here at Cornwall Hemp Company receive, and for very good reason — it’s important to know that you are taking enough to achieve the desired effect, but not too much that you’re wasting your hard-earned cash.
It’s extremely difficult to state a universal dosage, because so many different types of people use CBD for so many different reasons and every individual will have subtly different tolerance levels. Rather than offer some largely made-up chart or formula, we recommend taking a common-sense approach, guided by a few sensible principles:
- Start low. Especially if you have never used CBD products, the best way to ensure you don’t have any adverse reaction to it is to start off with a low dosage, around 10mg – 25mg. Stay at this level until you are confident that you can tolerate CBD with no issues at all, and gauge whether the low dosage is sufficient to offer you the desired effect for your condition.
- Go slow. If you decide that you require a higher dosage, don’t jump straight from, say, 10mg to 70mg per day. Increasing your dosage in small steps is not only safer in terms of tolerance, it also offers the best way of calibrating your ideal dose. For example, you may find that 30mg or 50mg per day works best for you, but if you’d gone straight to 70mg you’d just end up using more than required and, frankly, wasting your money.
A: Hemp and marijuana are different species of Cannabis sativa and bred for different purposes. Industrial hemp is exclusively produced by Cannabis sativa, while marijuana can be derived from Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica.
Both hemp and marijuana contain CBD, but there’s a much higher percentage in hemp. Hemp also has much lower levels of THC (less than 0.3%) than the marijuana species.
Industrial hemp is grown to be durable, have very long stalks and as few flowering buds as possible—this can make it easier to extract the high amounts of CBD and smaller amounts of THC. Hemp’s chemical profile means that you can’t get “high” from it, and it is used to create medicinal remedies, food and oil, as well as other products, including rope, bricks, natural polymers, fiber, clothes and many more.
Marijuana strains of cannabis are typically smaller, flimsier and have many flowering buds with the sole purpose of maximising the concentration of THC. Marijuana is used recreationally and medicinally only.
A: Once extracted, CBD can be combined with a carrier oil, which is then incorporated into topical creams, lotions and more.
A: As the popularity of CBD increases, so too does the importance of finding a supplier you can trust 100%. For that reason, it’s becoming more and more important to ask some serious questions before you decide who to hand your hard-earned cash over to. Questions like:
- Does the vendor provide independent lab reports for their products, clearly displayed on their website?
- Are all ingredients accurately listed?
- Does the vendor respond to queries and problems in a quick and transparent manner?
- What do other customers think? Can you leave product reviews on the website for all to read?
- Do the products on sale contain sufficient CBD to actually have any measurable effect?
- Are the product prices reasonable market value for the quantity and CBD content on offer?
At Cornwall Hemp Company we are proud to say that we can answer “Yes” to all those questions. We see no moral or business sense in providing sub-standard, over-priced or otherwise unsatisfying products. Likewise, we realise that a happy customer might be a return customer, while an unhappy customer will never return.
Do your research, ask the right questions and compare products and prices — it becomes fairly easy to judge who is worth your custom and who should be avoided.